UNDP in Indonesia
Partners in human development
|YBUL/GEF Project on orchid conservation at Serpong,
UNDP is the UN’s global development network, an organization advocating for change and connecting countries to knowledge, experience and resources to help people build a better life. We are on the ground in 166 countries, working with them on their own solutions to global and national development challenges.
UNDP is dedicated to the UN reform agenda, working together with all UN agencies towards promoting the UN Millennium Declaration and achieving the Millennium Development Goals, the world’s first common agenda for human development.
In Indonesia, UNDP works to advance human development; fight poverty and inequality; consolidate democratic governance at both national and local levels; support crisis prevention and recovery; and promote environmentally smart development. UNDP is also fully engaged in the fight against HIV and AIDS and the promotion of gender equality.
UNDP is at the service of Indonesia and its people. We are committed to support Indonesia’s national priorities and the implementation of Government of Indonesia’s Medium Term Development Plan 2010-2015 and other national and local development visions, strategies and plans.
UNDP Indonesia is dedicated to the five commitments of the Paris Declaration on Aid Effectiveness, endorsed by 117 donor and programme countries including Indonesia, namely:
- national ownership;
- alignment with national priorities;
- donor harmonisation;
- managing for results; and
- mutual accountability.
UNDP is also a strong supporter of the “Jakarta Commitment”, Indonesia’s roadmap for development effectiveness signed by the Government along with 22 donor partners on 12 January 2009.
UNDP’s work in Indonesia is an integral part of the United Nations Development Assistance Framework for Indonesia (2010-2015) and governed by the UNDP Country Programme the same period, signed with the Government of Indonesia in 2010.
In Indonesia, UNDP works in four priority areas:
UNDP works to support Indonesia’s fight against poverty, promote inclusive economic growth, reduce inequalities between groups and regions, and help achieve the eight Millennium Development Goals by 2015 across the country.
In this context UNDP has identified five key areas of engagement:
- A special programme promoting the MDGs in Papua;
- promoting gender equality and the empowerment of women (MDG3);
- contributing to the national response to HIV/AIDS, TB and Malaria (MDG6);
- supporting a national campaign to raise awareness about the MDGs; and
- strengthening the statistical capacity for measuring and monitoring the MDGs at national, regional and local levels.
Examples of recent achievements include:
- UNDP facilitated strategic partnership between local governments and 37 CSOs to provide basic services, particularly for remote communities, in Papua and West Papua. This partnership has reached 114 communities and covered services including: community economic empowerment through coconut oil production, fish farming, improvement of early education through village schools and the development of basic infrastructure. UNDP also facilitated the establishment of 18 community resource centres to strengthen the capacity of development practitioners at the village level.
- UNDP helped train more than 1,000 district government officials, local parliamentarians and NGO leaders to use poverty maps, MDG scorecards and pro-poor budget analysis for their planning and budgeting. As a result, budget allocation for human development activities in the 18 districts increased by an average of 17 percent. UNDP is working with the GoI to promote integrate a pro-poor model of planning, budgeting, and monitoring across all provinces and districts of the country.
- Since 2006, UNDP has provided critical support to Indonesia’s national HIV/AIDS programme, helping to establish the National AIDS Commission and channel multi donor resources through the Indonesia Partnership Fund. With the help of UNDP’s support, in 2010 the Commission was assessed as having sufficient capacity to manage donor funds directly. The substantial improvements in capacity, coordination and funding are beginning to have an impact on the country; i.e. the proportion of the population aged 15-24 years with comprehensive correct knowledge of HIV/AIDS increased from 2.6% in 2007 to 19.8% in 2010 for females and 1.4% to 20.3% for males. Additionally, the rate of new HIV cases per year decreased from 4,969 in 2008 to 2,753 in 2010.
- UNDP has also supported the publication of a policy paper on Women’s Participation in Politics and Government. The publication formed part of a series of advocacy and programmatic activities supported by UNDP to promote gender equity and women’s empowerment.
UNDP’s support to the consolidation of democracy in Indonesia includes policy advice and technical assistance, strengthening the capacity of institutions, promoting and brokering dialogue, and engaging in knowledge networking and the sharing of good practices.
Three priority areas:
- Promoting the ‘deepening of democracy’ through electoral support and parliamentary strengthening;
- supporting decentralization and local governance reform; and
- promoting human rights-based legal and justice sector reform, with the view to improving access to justice for poor people and vulnerable groups.
Examples of recent results include:
- Thanks to a multi-donor project managed by UNDP, voter education messages in the run-up to the 2009 elections reached about 34 million television viewers, more than 6 million radio listeners and more than 3.6 million print media readers. Nearly 25 civil society organizations (CSOs) received grants to provide voter education messages to two million women, first-time voters and people living in remote areas of the country. The voters received information through activities such as festivals, media campaigns and door-to-door outreach.
- UNDP has supported training for 108 election officials and commissioners from all 33 provincial General Elections Commissions across the country. These trained officials are now positioned to train 5,500 more officials at the provincial and district levels in preparation for the 2014 general elections. This signifies the final handover of the training of election workers to Indonesia and the completion of an ongoing process that started in 1999 in the early years of the country’s democratic transition.
- With our support, the Government formulated a comprehensive national strategy on access to justice through a nationwide consultation. That strategy is now an integral part of the country’s Medium-Term Development Plan for 2010-14. UNDP also provided legal information, advice and other forms of assistance to over 450,000 people facing problems such as land disputes, discrimination and corruption.
- UNDP is also providing strategic policy advice to help facilitate Indonesia’s rapid decentralization process. A Policy Paper on the Role of The Province in Indonesia’s Decentralization provides alternatives and trade-offs to strengthen the roles of the provincial government. They serve as an essential input for the revision of Decentralization Law, as well as reformulation of future regional autonomy policy.
Environment and Energy
UNDP is engaged in a series projects to ensure that important steps to ensure that the country’s vast natural resources are effectively managed to support sound economic growth and sustainable development. Partnering with government agencies, civil society organizations, and private sector, UNDP aims to continuously integrate strategic environmental considerations in policy formulation and planning process combined with effective capacity building to support implementation that delivers significant impacts on the ground.
Three key areas of focus for UNDP:
- National-level action on climate change adaptation, focusing on analysis, policy advice and strategic planning;
- community-level action for better management of the environment, focusing on climate change mitigation and adaptation through forestry protection, improved environmental management, and promotion of sustainable energy;
- saving the ozone layer by implementing the Montreal Protocol.
Examples of recent achievements include:
- UNDP is the interim fund manager for the initial 6 months phase of an overall US$1 billion partnership between Indonesia-Norway on climate change, aiming to reduce greenhouse gas emissions resulting from deforestation and the degradation of forests and peat lands in Indonesia. This partnership occurred after UNDP supported national and international consultations that resulted in the preparation of the National REDD+ Strategy for forests and climate change. USD 30 million for the preparatory phase administered by UNDP will initially be used to support the design of institutional structures and frameworks for the implementation of Indonesia’s REDD+ agenda including systems to monitor, report and verify reduced emissions.
- Under the UNDP-managed Indonesia Climate Change Trust Fund, the Ministry of Agriculture is piloting low carbon emission peatland management projects; the Ministry of Industry has benefited from the training of 30 paper, pulp and steel companies in identifying energy efficiency opportunities; and the Meteorological Agency is now able to make climate change information relevant for local fishermen and farmers.
- UNDP provided technical guidance for the creation of the national ozone unit of the Ministry of Environment. Indonesia has been able to meet its obligations for phasing out ozone-depleting substances (ODS) under the Montreal Protocol. UNDP trained more than 400 companies to use new technologies to phase out chlorofluorocarbons (CFCs), and supported the distribution of more than 500 CFC recycling units across the country.
- In the context of promoting renewable energy, UNDP provided electricity access to 695,000 households through a micro-hydro programme and it has supported the development of 128 community-based micro-hydro projects.
Crisis Prevention and Recovery
Indonesia is one of the most disaster-prone countries in the world. Natural disasters threaten human development and undermine the achievement of the Millennium Development Goals. Social conflict is also a serious development impediment. UNDP therefore gives top priority to supporting Indonesia’s crisis prevention and recovery efforts.
Three key priorities:
- Peace-building through the promotion of good local governance, community empowerment, and economic opportunities;
- disaster mitigation and risk reduction; and
- disaster recovery, getting communities back on their feet and rebuilding local governance capacities after disaster strike.
Examples of recent achievements include:
- More than 70,000 households in the earthquake- and tsunami-affected regions of Aceh and Nias have been restored to pre-tsunami level or better.
- Over 3,500 houses in Aceh and Nias have been built, benefitting 10,000 people. The Government is heading up a multi-donor fund for disaster recovery, set up in 2009, to help finance rehabilitation and reconstruction plans following disasters that require international support.
UNDP supported the Government in considering conflict prevention strategies when planning for development and making new laws in conflict-affected areas of the country. For example, in some regions with a history of internal conflict, UNDP has helped to achieve the following:
- Nearly 7,000 farmers received new farming tools, enabling them to re-establish their livelihoods;
- More than 2,000 female ex-combatants received livelihood grant packages that provided them with the education and initial capital to start small businesses;
- More than 500 peace activists, 100 non-governmental organizations, five government ministries and 10 public universities have come together to draft a bill on managing conflict through social initiatives.